8, Long Street, Devizes - a grade 2* House
Built by Samuel Powell in 1696, the home of Josiah Needham an 18th century eminent surgeon.
Number 8 Long Street was built in the most modern style of its day by an aspiring cloth merchant Samuel Powell in recognition of his hard won new social position. Matthew McMurrayhas written a book on its history including its rental and neglect by absentee landlords through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It was rescued in the 1970's but it is one of the least altered and best preserved houses in Devizes.
Samuel Powell's House: "The Early 18th Century Town House of a Devizes Clothier" by Matthew McMurray. Price: £12.50 plus £3.75 p&p With P&P - £16.25 or collected from Museum - £12.50.
The advertisement for the book states;
"This book tells the compelling story of one of the most important eighteenth century houses in the medieval towns of Devizes through the changes made to the house and the often colourful stories of its owners and occupiers, which include Joseph Needham Tayler, one of the real life inspirations for C.S. Forester's Horatio Hornblower.
This carefully researched and well illustrated book tells the compelling story of one of the most important eighteenth century houses in the medieval town of Devizes. It draws together three years of painstaking survey work and documentary research to build up a picture of evey element of the house. Special attention is paid to examining and illustrating its architectural details, fixtures and fittings, including stonework, woodwork, plasterwork and decoration.
Built in the most modern style by an asirant cloth merchant as an expression of his hard won social position, its subsequent rental and neglect by absentee landlords through the nineteenth and twentieth centureis (but rescued in the 1970's) means it is one of the least altered and best preserved houses in the town."
English Heritage listing for 8, Long Street, Devizes - a grade 2* House
Samuel Powell's House and home of Josiah Needham
Image of England reference: Number: 432064
Location: 8 LONG STREET (east side) DEVIZES, KENNET, WILTSHIRE
Date listed: 09 April 1954; Date of last amendment: 09 April 1954
1042LONG STREET(East Side)No 8SU 0061 4/239.4.54.
1. 1042 LONG STREET (East Side) No 8 SU 0061 4/23 9.4.54. II* GV 2.
It is dated 1737 on rain water head. 3 storeys and cellars. It has a rusticated ashlar ground floor on projecting plinth, with deep stone strings at lst and 2nd floor levels and over 2nd floor windows, stuccoed parapet with moulded stone coping. The upper part is brick framed with stone pilasters, with strings biting over. It has slightly projecting central feature with narrow vertical stone edging, parapet breaking forward over, and central panel with stone surround, the head of 2nd floor panel formed by string. The 1st floor panel is segmental headed.
On the ground floor, central 6-panel door with plain arched fanlight, plain architrave and keystone, and surround of narrow pilasters double scroll brackets and segmental moulded stone hood. Hipped slate roof. 4 windows to 2nd floor, with flat stone surrounds and keystones. 2 Palladian windows on 1st floor, the central window, flat headed, with square Ionic piers and entablature with convex frieze. Architrave to arch over with solid stone tympanum. 4 windows on ground floor in arched recesses with radiating voussoirs and keystones. 2 cellar windows. All glazing bars altered. The back of the house is brick with stone quoins and window surrounds. 3 windows and later one-storey addition. Fine cast lead rainwater heads on ends at back of house. Good lion head brass knocker and handles. Contemporary panelling and enriched plaster ceilings. Nos 8 to 30 consecutively form a group.