Roman finds around Devizes

  

This page is in development but we hope that readers will be interested even in this unfinished stage. The bar chart underneath is taken from a report by Alan Carter - detailed in topic 3 below. SMR means Sites and Monument record as compiled by the Wiltshire Archaeolgy Service of Wiltshire Council.

  

Currently there are articles on: 

  1.  Pocket gods and godesses found near the Green in 1714
  2.  Iron age - Romano British settlement in Brickley Lane Devizes
  3. A survey of Romano - British Archaeological sites and monuments in 7 Parishes around Devizes; Devizes, Potterne, Bishops canning, Roundway, Heddington, Bromham and Rowde. This is taken from the Wiltshire Council SMR sites and records

 1) Pocket gods and godesses found near the Green in 1714

 

In 1714 William Cadby found a set of Penates or pocket gods near the ruins of an old house on the Green, Devizes. They were buried in a large urn with a capacity of about 6 gallons. The urn had been strengthened by enclosing it with roman tiles or bricks with Roman cement. James Waylen in the History of Devizes of 1859 gives a list of these penates "supposed names". His list is shown below the drawings.

2) Iron age - Romano British settlement in Brickley Lane Devizes

 

Earliest indications of inhabitants around Devizes are the Neolithic round barrows associated with the Beaker People on Roundway Down. There are also bowl barrows and the Iron Age hill fort of Oliver’s Camp that is just in Bromham parish. At first a promontory fort it was later changed to a rectangular univallate one.

 

A recently discovered Iron Age farmstead near Brickley Lane, Devizes became a Roman settlement, possibly with a temple and likely to have been associated with a Villa at Wick Green or Pans Lane in Devizes.

 

3) A survey of Romano - British Archaeological sites and monuments in 7 Parishes around Devizes; Devizes, Potterne, Bishops Canning, Roundway, Heddington, Bromham and Rowde.

  •  The data  is taken from the Wiltshire Council Sites and Monuments Record.
  • A site record does not mean that the public have access. The Archaeology Service have more detailed information on these sites, and users wanting to submit planning applications should consult Wiltshire Council.
  • The data for the report below and the bar chart was taken from the Parish records. The site was coded by archaeological age - Iron, Romano-British and Saxon as indicated in the record and then sorted to give tables either by Parish or Archaeolgical age.
  • The bar chart shows the the number of listed sites in these 3 ages  

  • A table showing Romano- British SMR sites in seven parishes; Bishops Cannings, Bromham, Devizes, Heddington, Potterne, Roundway and Rowde. 

* means the site is a listed monument. 

SMR Number

Location

Parish

Description

Period

SU06NW304

Along Parish Boundaries *

Bishops Canning

Line of Roman road.

Rom

SU06NE316

Beckhampton Road Long Barrow

Bishops Canning

Romano-British pottery.

Rom

SU06NE323

Bishop's Cannings Down

Bishops Canning

Romano-British buckle pin.

Rom

SU06SW331

Bishops Cannings

Bishops Canning

Two Romano-British coins and a pottery fragment.

Rom

SU06NE313

Bishops Cannings Down

Bishops Canning

Romano-British pottery.

Rom

SU06SE304

Black Furlong Field

Bishops Canning

Romano-British pottery fragments, possibly indicating a nearby settlement site.

Rom

SU06SW325

Bourton

Bishops Canning

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW326

Bourton

Bishops Canning

Romano-British ornamental mount.

Rom

ST96NE306

Bear Farm

Bromham

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96NEU11

Bell Farm - Verlucio

Bromham

Romano-British coin hoard, brooches, a spoon, buckle and a tankard handle.

Rom

ST96NE340

Bromham

Bromham

A Roman pottery fragment.

Rom

ST96NE342

Bromham

Bromham

Romano-British finds.

Rom

ST96SE310

Bromham

Bromham

A Romano-British finger ring and a terret ring.

Rom

ST96NW303

Bushey Marsh Farm

Bromham

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

ST96NW550

Bushey Marsh Farm

Bromham

Undated pot, possibly Romano-British.

Rom

ST96NE301

Chittoe Heath Plantation

Bromham

Possible site of a Romano-British villa.

Rom

ST96NE332

E of Chittoe Heath Plantation

Bromham

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

ST96NE300

East of Chittoe Heath Plantation

Bromham

Romano-British pottery and a glass bead.

Rom

ST96SE301

East of Gaby’s Clay Barn

Bromham

Romano-British settlement cropmark site.

Rom

ST96NE309

East of Wyatts Barn - West Park Field

Bromham

Romano-British villa excavated 1810 and 1977.

Rom

ST96NEU09

Hillside Farm

Bromham

Romano-British coin and ingot.

Rom

ST96NE330

Hillside Farm E of Chittoe Heath

Bromham

Romano-British brooch and two coins.

Rom

ST96SE305

Loophill

Bromham

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96SE311

Mother Anthony's Well

Bromham

A large quantity of Romano-British metal objects.

Rom

ST96NE329

N of Bromham House Farm

Bromham

Romano-British coin hoard.

Rom

ST96SE312

Near Mother Anthony's Well

Bromham

Romano-British coin hoard and other metalwork objects.

Rom

ST96SE315

Near Oliver’s Castle

Bromham

Four Romano-British brooches and a fragment of mortar.

Rom

ST96NE321

Netherstreet

Bromham

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96NE302

North East of Battle House

Bromham

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

ST96NE303

North of Battle House

Bromham

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

ST96NE305

North of Battle House

Bromham

Romano-British coins.

Rom

SU06SW305

Oliver’s Castle

Bromham

Romano-British pottery fragments found in 1907 excavation.

Rom

ST96NE315

Area of Bell Farm & Hayfield Copse

Bromham; Calne Without

Romano-British town with surviving enclosure.

Rom

ST96NE320

Roman Road *

Bromham; Calne without; Heddington

Roman road excavated in 1956-7 and in 1992.

Rom

ST96NE320

Roman Road *

Bromham; Calne without; Heddington

Roman road excavated in 1956-7 and in 1992.

Rom

SU06SW345

16, Rotherstone

Devizes

A Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW348

17, Jackson Close

Devizes

A Romano-British building is indicated from the large quantity of pottery and building material collected over a period of time.

Rom

SU06SW342

18, Jackson Close

Devizes

Two Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

SU06SW330

29 Caird Lawns NW of Wayside Farm

Devizes

Romano-British tile fragment.

Rom

SU06SW349

30 Sarum Drive

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW308

74 Hillworth Road

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96SE303

80 Hillworth Road

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW344

Allotments at Quakers Walk

Devizes

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

SU06SW350

Belvedere Wood

Devizes

Romano-British brooches and a lead spindle whorl.

Rom

SU06SW340

Brickley Farm

Devizes

A possible Romano-British rubbish dump or midden was excavated during an evaluation in 1999.

Rom

SU06SW341

Brickley Lane

Devizes

A number of large sandstone lumps, possible from a bowl-shaped pit and a fragment of Romano-British pottery.

Rom

SU06SW351

Devizes School Edward Rd

Devizes

An abraded sherd found during an excavation evaluation in 2001. Possibly Romano British.

Rom

SU06SW329

Downland School Playing Field

Devizes

Romano-British pottery fragment.

Rom

SU06SW328

Garden of 30 Sarum Drive

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW347

Garden of 6 Sarum Drive

Devizes

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

ST96SE307

Garden of 7 Mayenne Place Devizes.

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW322

Garden of the Elms Nursteed

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW312

Jackson Close

Devizes

Two Romano-British coins.

Rom

SU06SW316

Longcroft Estate

Devizes

Romano-British pottery.

Rom

ST96SE316

Near The Lodge Moated site

Devizes

A fragment of Roman pottery

Rom

SU06SW310

Nursteed Road

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW313

Nursteed Road

Devizes

Two Romano-British burials. Two other inhumations noted but not excavated. Pottery and coins also found.

Rom

SU06SW309

NW of Wayside Farm

Devizes

Romano-British burial.

Rom

SU06SW314

Pans Lane

Devizes

Romano-British settlement site, excavated in 1861.

Rom

ST95NE301

Potterne Road Pippins Well

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW321

Sarum Drive, Wick Green

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW323

SE of Coate

Devizes

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW336

St James' Church

Devizes

Romano-British pottery fragment.

Rom

SU06SW318

St Johns

Devizes

Two Romano-British coins of Constantine.

Rom

SU06SW317

The Green, Southbroom

Devizes

Romano-British bronze statuette hoard found in 1714 with coins.

Rom

SU06SWU03

Unlocated

Devizes

Iron Age gold coin.

Rom

SU06SWU07

Unlocated

Devizes

A ) Romano-British coin. B )Fragment of Romano-British pottery. C) Coin. D) A bronze and enamel pendant.

Rom

SU06SWU08

Unlocated

Devizes

Bronze Romano-British brooch.

Rom

ST96NE318

East of Bell Farm

Heddington

Romano-British pottery fragments and building debris.

Rom

ST96NE326

Garden of 1 Heddington Wick

Heddington

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96NE333

Hayfield Copse NE of Bell Farm

Heddington

Romano-British pottery fragments, coins and building materials recovered during excavation of linear feature in 1987.

Rom

ST96NEU03

Heddington

Heddington

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96NE319

Heddington Wick

Heddington

Romano-British coffin and an urn.

Rom

ST96NE325

Heddington Wick

Heddington

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96NEU05

Heddington Wick

Heddington

Romano-British building foundations, also many coins found.

Rom

ST96NEU08

Hitchen Field Unlocated

Heddington

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96NEU04

House of Horne Sandy Lane

Heddington

Romano-British military buckle.

Rom

ST96NE316

North of Bell Farm

Heddington

A) Romano-British pottery, coins, brooch and iron slag.      B) Coin.

Rom

SU06NW321

On line of the Roman Road

Heddington

The arm of a probable balance of Romano-British date.

Rom

ST96NE324

S of Hayfield Copse

Heddington

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06NWU05

Unlocated

Heddington

Romano-British coin, a dupondius of Nero found in 1958.

Rom

SU06NW304

Along Parish Boundaries *

Heddington; Calne without; Bishops Cannings

Line of Roman road.

Rom

ST95NE306

150yds Due N of Blount’s Court

Potterne

Romano-British burials.

Rom

ST95NE305

27 Blount’s Court

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST95NE307

Bet Rangebourne Mill & Cherry Drive

Potterne

Romano-British settlement.

Rom

ST95NE320

Blackberry Lane Cemetery

Potterne

Romano-British pottery

Rom

ST95NE313

Blount’s Court

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST95NE308

Coxhill Lane

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST95NE317

Coxhill Lane

Potterne

Romano-British pottery.

Rom

ST96SE314

Furze Hill Farm

Potterne

Two Romano-British coins

Rom

ST95NE302

High Street

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST95NE319

Little Chilsbury

Potterne

Romano-British pottery

Rom

SU05NW303

Near Drews Pond

Potterne

Romano-British coins, and a pottery fragment.

Rom

ST95NE303

Near Rangebourne Mills

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU05NW305

One Tree Hill

Potterne

A Romano-British pottery fragment.

Rom

SU05NW302

Potterne Field

Potterne

Romano-British pottery and daub fragments.

Rom

SU05NW304

Potterne Field

Potterne

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

ST95NE309

Rangebourne Mill

Potterne

Romano-British metalwork pottery sherds and a coin.

Rom

ST95NE310

Rangebourne Mill

Potterne

Romano-British coins, pottery and metalwork.

Rom

ST95NE311

Rangebourne Mill

Potterne

Romano-British metalwork, coins and pottery.

Rom

ST95NE312

Rangebourne Mill

Potterne

Romano-British coins, pottery and metalwork

Rom

ST95NE314

S of Blackberry Lane Cemetery

Potterne

Two Romano-British ditches recorded by Wessex Archaeology during excavation and fieldwork

Rom

ST95NE304

S of Rangebourne Mill

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST95NE315

St Mary’s Church Potterne

Potterne

Romano-British pottery

Rom

ST95NEU10

Unlocated - 69 Devizes Road

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST95NEU04

Unlocated - High Street Potterne

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST95NEU01

Unlocated - Potterne

Potterne

Roman-British coins.

Rom

ST95NEU12

Unlocated - Potterne

Potterne

Romano-British brooch.

Rom

ST95NEU09

Unlocated - Rangebourne Mill

Potterne

Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW335

Allotments Behind Fox And Hounds Public House

Roundway

Romano-British counterfeit coin.

Rom

SU06SW320

E Oliver’s Camp

Roundway

Romano-British pottery fragment.

Rom

SU06SW332

Garden of 47 Roundway

Roundway

Romano-British coins.

Rom

SU06SW334

NE Home Farm

Roundway

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

SU05NW300

Nine Hills

Roundway

Three Romano-British pottery fragments and a bronze ring.

Rom

SU05NW306

Nine Hills

Roundway

A Romano-British furniture fitting.

Rom

SU06SW319

Robin Hood Plantation

Roundway

A Romano-British miniature socketed axe-head.

Rom

SU06SW338

Roundway

Roundway

A Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW343

Roundway Hill

Roundway

A Romano-British spearhead.

Rom

SU06SW306

S of the Folly

Roundway

Romano-British lead coffin found in 1852.

Rom

SU06SW307

S Roundway Hill

Roundway

Romano-British pottery.

Rom

SU06SWU05

Unlocated

Roundway

Romano-British pruning hook.

Rom

SU06SWU09

Unlocated

Roundway

A Romano-British brooch and two tools.

Rom

SU06SWU30

Unlocated - Roundway

Roundway

A Romano-British finger ring.

Rom

SU06SWU06

Unlocated - Roundway Down

Roundway

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

SU06SWU15

Unlocated - Roundway Down

Roundway

Romano-British silver finger ring.

Rom

ST96SE302

44 Tower View

Rowde

Romano-British coin.

Rom

ST96SE304

East of Rowde Farm

Rowde

Romano-British pottery fragments.

Rom

ST96SE308

Garden - Willows Bunny's Lane

Rowde

A fragment of a Romano-British finger ring.

Rom

ST96SE313

Rowde

Rowde

A Romano-British coin.

Rom

SU06SW337

Rowde

Rowde

A Romano-British figurine leg.

Rom

ST96SE306

Rowde Lodge

Rowde

Romano-British coin.

Rom